【演讲口语】Making a living is not that easy

生活不易

2019-04-16
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So making a living is not that easy for young people

College graduates are not in short supply?

所以年轻人要过生活并不容易。大学毕业生供过于求

 

In urban areas, college graduates find the starting salary is about 400 U.S. dollars a month while the average rent is about $500

在城市里,大学毕业生找到的第一份工作月薪大约在400美元左右

但是平均房租约为500美元以上

 

So what do they do? They have to share space squeezed in very limited space to save money and they call themselves “tribe of ants

那他们要怎么办呢?他们不得不合租,挤在非常有限的空间内为了省钱

他们把自己叫做“蚁族

 

And for those who are ready to get married and buy their apartment ,they figured out they have to work for 30 to 40 years to afford their first apartment

对于那些准备结婚自己买房的人来说,他们不得不为此工作30到40年

才能负担起他们的第一套房子

 

That ratio in America would only cost a couple five years to earn but in China it’s 30 to 40 years with the skyrocketing real estate price

同样的数据在美国,仅需要花费一对夫妇5年的积蓄

但在房地产价格飞涨的中国,则需要30到40年的时间

real estate  [ˈri(ə)l əsˌteɪt] n. 不动产;    房地产

 

Among the 200 million migrant workers

60 percent of them are young people

在两亿的外来务工者来说六成是年轻人

migrant [ˈmaɪɡrənt] n. 迁徙动物 


They find themselves sort of sandwiched between the urban areas and the rural areas

Most of them don’t want to go back to the countryside but they don’t have the sense of belonging

他们发现自己可以说是夹在城市和农村之间

他们中的大多数不想再回到农村去但却缺少归属感

 rural  [ˈrʊrəl] adj. 农村的;乡村的;有乡村特点的


They work for longer hours with less income, less social welfare

他们的工作时间很长,收入和社会福利却很少

 

 And they’re more vulnerable to job losses, subject to inflation

同时他们却更加脆弱,对于失业,通货膨胀

inflation [ɪnˈfleɪʃ(ə)n] n. 充气;膨胀;通货膨胀


Tightening loans from banks, appreciation of the renminbi, or decline of demand from Europe or America for the products they produce

银行信贷紧缩,人民币升值或是欧洲国家对于他们所生产商品的需求下降


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